Supreme CourtChief JusticeJohn Marshall stated that the federal government’s laws have supremacyover any conflicting laws adopted by state governments.
Thomas Jefferson and James Madisonsecretly
wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
which said that the Federal
Union is a voluntary association of states and if the central government
goes too far, each state has
the right to nullify that law.
of slavery argued that one of the rights
of the states was the protection
of slave property wherever it
Vice President Alexander Stephens' said
that slavery was the "cornerstone of the Confederacy" when the war began and then said that the war was not about slavery but states' rights
after Southern defeat.