Trade and Tariffs
South imported most of its
manufactured needs from Europe or obtained them from the North
and was very dependent upon trade and wanted no tariffs.
The North had a growing domestic industrial economy that viewed
foreign trade as competition and wanted high tariffs.
passed protective tariffs in 1828 to benefit trade in the
northern states, but were detrimental to the South.
John C. Calhoun
expressed the South’s
opposition in the
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
which he wrote
in response to the "
Tariff of Abominations
tariffs of 1828
null and void within the state borders of South Carolina.
This ordinance led to the
's issued a proclamation against South
Carolina and sent a naval flotilla and threatened sending Federal
troops to enforce the tariffs.