The Supreme Court
decision of 1857 in Dred Scott
v. Sandford added to the controversy.
Chief JusticeRoger B. Taney's decision said
that slaves were "so far inferior that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect", and that slaves could be taken to free states and territories.
Declaration of Causes for Secession
said that the non-slave-holding states
were "proclaiming the debasing doctrine
of equality of all men, irrespective of
race or color", and that the African race "were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race".