§The Confederates had built upper
and lower river batteries in an attempt to defend
the strategic transportation and supply routes provided by the
river and protect major supply bases in Clarksville
and Nashville, Tennessee.
§The river batteries included ten
32-pounder smoothbore cannons, a 6.5-inch rifle, and a
§The fleet began exchanging "iron valentines"
with the eleven big guns in the Southern water batteries.
§Unfortunately, Foote's fleet became an excellent
target for the Confederate guns, because the river was flooded, the
Confederate guns were at a higher elevation, and the slow movement
of the heavy Union gunboats.