§At 4:30 a.m., a single mortar
round fired from Fort Johnson exploded over Fort
Sumter, signaling the start of the bombardment.
§The 43 guns and
mortars at Fort Moultrie, Fort Johnson, and Cummings Point
began the artillery barrage. (see slide 34)
§Edmund Ruffin, a
notable secessionist, had traveled to Charleston to be present
for the beginning of the war and was present
to fire the first shot at Sumter after the signal round.