did not return fire until 7:00 a.m., when CaptainAbner Doubleday
fired a shot at the Ironclad Battery at Cummings Point.
could not do much with his 60 guns because he avoided using guns
at locations where casualties were likely.
§The fort's best cannons were mounted on the uppermost
of its three tiers, where his troops were most exposed to enemy
§Because the fort was
designed to prevent a naval assault, its fire power and
defenses were susceptible to the Confederate’s land-based
cannon.§The garrison could only safely fire the guns on the
lower levels which were not effective against Confederate artillery
at Fort Moultrie.
§The fort had
insufficient ammunition and was nearly out by the end of the