§Union troops under Brig. Gen. Quincy
placed rifled cannon on Morris Island.
§Fort Sumter’s garrison consisted
of five companies of the 1stSouth Carolina Artillery under
Col. Alfred Rhett.
garrison fortified the walls of Fort Sumter with dirt mounds and hay
Federal bombardment began on August 17th, with almost 1,000
shells fired the first day.
§Within a week, the fort's brick
walls were in ruins, but the garrison refused to surrender and continued
to repair and strengthen the defenses.
§Confederate guns at Fort
Moultrie and other harbor batteries returned fire.
§On September 9th,400
sailors and Marines attacked the fort in row boats, but were
repulsed losing five ships and 124 men.
continued intermittently until the end of December.