|Harlem Hell fighters is the
popular name for the 369th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 15th New
York National Guard Regiment. The unit was also known as The Black
Rattlers, in addition to several other nicknames. The 369th Infantry
Regiment was known for being the first African-American Regiment during WWI.
|The 369th Infantry Regiment
was constituted June 2, 1913 in the New York Army National Guard as the . It
was organized on June 29, 1916 at New York City. It was into Federal service on July 25, 1917
at , New York. It was drafted into
Federal service August 5, 1917. The regiment trained in the New York Area,
performed Guard Duty at various locations in New York, and trained more
intensely at Camp Wadsworth in Spartanburg, South Carolina, where they
experienced significant racism from the local communities, and other units.
The 15th Infantry Regiment, NYARNG was Assigned on December 1, 1917 to the .
|It was commanded by Col.
William Hayward, a member of the Union League Club of New York, which
sponsored the 369th in the tradition of the 20th U.S. Colored Infantry, which
the club had also sponsored in the Civil War.