Atlanta, GA

[Battle of Atlanta, by Kurz and Allison - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): July 22, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Atlanta, Georgia, United States

Campaign(s): Atlanta Campaign [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • Following the Battle of Peachtree Creek, General John Bell Hood determined to attack Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee.

  • Hood withdrew his main army at night from Atlanta’ s outer line to the inner line, enticing Sherman to follow.

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman

  • Confederate: Gen. John Bell Hood

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Military Division of the Mississippi

  • Confederate: Army of Tennessee

Description:

  • Hood sent William J. Hardee's corps on a fifteen-mile march to hit the unprotected Union left and rear, east of the city.

  • Wheeler’s cavalry was to operate farther out on Sherman’s supply line, and Gen. Frank Cheatham’s corps were to attack the Union front.

  • However, Hood had miscalculated the time necessary to make the march, and Hardee was unable to attack until afternoon.

  • Although Hood had outmaneuvered Sherman for the time being, McPherson was concerned about his left flank and sent his reserves to that location.

  • Two of Hood’s divisions ran into this reserve force and were repulsed.

  • The Confederate attack stalled on the Union rear but began to roll up the left flank.

  • Determined attacks continued, but the Union forces held.

  • About 4:00 pm, Cheatham’s corps broke through the Union front at the Hurt House, but Sherman massed twenty artillery pieces on a knoll near his headquarters to shell these Confederates and halt their drive.

  • Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’ s XV Army Corps then led a counterattack that restored the Union line.

  • The Union troops held, and Hood suffered high casualties.

Slide Presentation: None [Battlefield Lost Integrity]

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 3,641

  • Confederate: 8,499

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Georgia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

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1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 07/18/2013