Baton Rouge, LA
[The Battle of Baton Rouge - Harper's
Weekly - Courtesy of Son of the South]
Date(s): August 5,
Please click on link below for map.
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States
Operations Against Baton Rouge 
In an attempt to regain control of Louisiana, the
Confederates wanted to recapture the capital at Baton Rouge.
Maj. Gen. John C.
Breckinridge planned a combined land/water expedition with his
corps and CSS Ram Arkansas.
Brig. Gen. Thomas Williams
Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge
2nd Brigade, Department of the
troops advanced west from Camp Moore to
around ten miles from Baton Rouge on August 4th.
The Confederates reached the outskirts of the
capital early in the morning, formed for an attack in two divisions, and drove
back each Union unit they encountered.
Union gunboats in the river began shelling the
The Arkansas could have neutralized the
Union gunboats, but her engines failed and she did not participate in the
Union land forces fell back to a more defensible
The Union commander,
Brig. Gen. Thomas Williams, was killed soon after and the new
commander, Col. Thomas W. Cahill, ordered a
retreat to a prepared defensive line nearer the river and within the gunboats’
The Confederate troops attacked the new line
without success and the Federals finally forced them to retire.
The next day the Arkansas’s engines failed
again as she closed on the Union gunboats and she was blown up and scuttled by
The Confederates failed to recapture the state
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.