Beaver Dam Creek, VA

Date(s): June 26, 1862

Campaign(s): Peninsula Campaign [March-September 1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. Fitz John Porter

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 15,631

  • Confederate: 16,356

Description:

  • This was the second of the Seven Days’ Battles.

  • Gen. Robert E. Lee initiated his offensive against McClellan’s right flank north of the Chickahominy River.

  • A. P. Hill threw his division, reinforced by one of D. H. Hill’s brigades, into a series of futile assaults against Brig. Gen. Fitz John Porter’s V Corps, which was drawn up behind Beaver Dam Creek.

  • Confederate attacks were driven back with heavy casualties.

  • Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley divisions, however, were approaching from the northwest, forcing Porter to withdraw the next morning to a position behind Boatswain Creek just beyond Gaines’ Mill.

Photo Gallery:2

Description of the battle of Beaver Dam Creek or Mechanicsville

Marker describing Confederate troop movements in Mechanicsville prior to start of battle

Beaver Dam Creek Battlefield

The creek ran red with blood from Confederate casualties

Description of battle at Beaver Dam Creek

Map showing positions of Union troops under McCall and Confederate forces under Hill

Confederate general A.P. Hill orders attack on Union position across Beaver Dam Creek

View from bridge over Beaver Dam Creek

Beaver Dam Creek

View from Union side of Beaver Dam Creek

Pennsylvanian's stand firm in defense of Union position at Beaver Dam Creek

On Union side of Beaver Dam Creek

Confederate view of Union defenses

Marker describing the Union defense at Beaver Dam Creek

 

Classification3: B

Casualties4:

  • Union: 400

  • Confederate: 1,300

Results: Union Victory Miniature Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 07/20/2013