Boydton Plank Road, VA

Date: October 27-28, 1864

Campaign: Richmond-Petersburg Campaign [June 1864-March 1865]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • At the Battle of Peebles' Farm earlier in October, the Union V Corps had seized a portion of the Confederate works around Hatcher's Run.
  • The entire II Corps, under Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock, was pulled out of the trenches and moved to operate against the Confederates' Boydton Line.
  • The II Corps was reinforced by divisions from the V Corps, IX Corps, and David McM. Gregg's cavalry division already operating in the area.

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Henry Heth

Principal Forces:

  • Union: II Corps

  • Confederate: Third Corps

Description:

  • Directed by Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, divisions from three Union corps (II, V, and IX) and Greggís cavalry division, numbering more than 30,000 men, withdrew from the Petersburg lines and marched west to operate against the Boydton Plank Road and South Side Railroad.

  • The initial Union advance on October 27th gained the Boydton Plank Road, a major campaign objective.

  • But that afternoon, a counterattack near Burgessí Mill spearheaded by Maj. Gen. Henry Hethís division and Maj. Gen. Wade Hamptonís cavalry isolated the II Corps and forced a retreat.

  • The Confederates retained control of the Boydton Plank Road for the rest of the winter.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 1,758

  • Confederate: 1,300

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 05/10/2013