Boydton Plank Road, VA
October 27-28, 1864
Richmond-Petersburg Campaign [June 1864-March 1865]
At the Battle of Peebles' Farm earlier in October, the Union V Corps had seized
a portion of the Confederate works around Hatcher's Run.
- The entire II Corps, under Maj. Gen. Winfield
S. Hancock, was pulled out of the trenches and moved to operate
against the Confederates' Boydton Line.
- The II Corps was reinforced by divisions from the V Corps, IX Corps,
and David McM. Gregg's cavalry
division already operating in the area.
Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock
Maj. Gen. Henry Heth
Directed by Maj. Gen.
Winfield Scott Hancock, divisions from three Union corps (II, V, and
IX) and Greggís cavalry division, numbering more than 30,000 men, withdrew from
the Petersburg lines and marched west to operate against the Boydton Plank Road
and South Side Railroad.
The initial Union advance on October 27th gained
the Boydton Plank Road, a major campaign objective.
But that afternoon, a counterattack near Burgessí
Mill spearheaded by Maj. Gen. Henry Hethís
division and Maj. Gen. Wade Hamptonís
cavalry isolated the II Corps and forced a retreat.
The Confederates retained control of the Boydton
Plank Road for the rest of the winter.
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.