Bristoe Station, VA

Date: October 14, 1863

Campaign: Bristoe Campaign [October-November 1863]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. G. K. Warren

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. A. P. Hill

Principal Forces:

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Description:

  • On October 14, 1863, A. P. Hill’s corps stumbled upon two corps of the retreating Union army at Bristoe Station and attacked without proper reconnaissance.

  • Union soldiers of the II Corps, posted behind the Orange & Alexandria Railroad embankment, mauled two brigades of Henry Heth’s division and captured a battery of artillery.

  • Hill reinforced his line but could make little headway against the determined defenders.

  • After this victory, the Federals continued their withdrawal to Centreville unmolested.

  • Lee’s Bristoe offensive sputtered to a premature halt.

  • After minor skirmishing near Manassas and Centreville, the Confederates retired slowly to Rappahannock River destroying the Orange & Alexandria Railroad as they went. 

  • At Bristoe Station, Hill lost standing in the eyes of Lee, who angrily ordered him to bury his dead and say no more about it.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3: 1,980 total

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/12/2013