Cedar Mountain, VA

Battle of Cedar Mountain

[The Battle at Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9th, 1862 Charge of Crawford's Brigade on the right.

Currier & Ives - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date: August 9, 1862

Campaign: Northern Virginia Campaign [June-September 1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • Maj. Gen. John Pope was placed in command of the newly constituted Army of Virginia on June 26.

  • Gen. Robert E. Lee responded to Pope’s dispositions by dispatching Maj. Gen. T. J. Jackson with 14,000 men to Gordonsville in July.

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 8,030

  • Confederate: 16,868

Description:

  • Jackson was later reinforced by A.P. Hill’s division.

  • In early August, Pope marched his forces south into Culpeper County with the objective of capturing the rail junction at Gordonsville.

  • On August 9, Jackson and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks’ corps tangled at Cedar Mountain with the Federals gaining an early advantage.

  • A Confederate counterattack led by A.P. Hill repulsed the Federals and won the day.

  • This battle shifted fighting in Virginia from the Peninsula to Northern Virginia, giving Lee the initiative.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 1,400

  • Confederate: 1,307

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/12/2013