Chattanooga, TN III

[Battle of Chattanooga by Kurz and Allison- Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): November 23-25, 1863 

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (national military park), Georgia, United States

Campaign(s): Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign [November 1863]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union:  Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

  • Confederate: Gen. Braxton Bragg

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Military Division of the Mississippi

  • Confederate: Army of Tennessee

Description:

  • From the last days of September through October 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg’s army laid siege to the Union army under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans at Chattanooga, cutting off its supplies.

  • On October 17, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant received command of the Western armies;  he moved to reinforce Chattanooga and replaced Rosecrans with Maj. Gen. George Thomas.

  • A new supply line was soon established. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman arrived with his four divisions in mid-November, and the Federals began offensive operations.

  • On November 23-24, Union forces struck out and captured Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain.

  • On November 25, Union soldiers assaulted and carried the seemingly impregnable Confederate position on Missionary Ridge.

  • One of the Confederacy’s two major armies was routed.

  • The Federals held Chattanooga, the “Gateway to the Lower South,” which became the supply and logistics base for Sherman’s 1864 Atlanta Campaign.

Slide Presentation: Chattanooga, TN

Photo Gallery:1

Point Park on Lookout Mountain

Point Park on Lookout Mountain

Point Park on Lookout Mountain

The Battles of Chattanooga

Description of Activities of Stevenson's Division of Breckinridge's Corps.

Corput's Georgia Battery

Description of Activities of Confederate Forces at Battle of Lookout

Union Occupation of the Summit of Lookout

View from Lookout Mountain

View from Lookout Mountain

View from Lookout Mountain

View from Lookout Mountain

Artillery Battery on Lookout

View from Lookout Mountain

Garrity's Alabama Battery

Mountain Cliffs and Cherokee Geology

Battle Above the Clouds

Lookout Valley and Browns Ferry

Tennessee River and Mocasin Bend

Tennessee River and Mocasin Bend

Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge

Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge

Battle of Missionary Ridge

Corput's Georgia Battery

The Cravens House

The Cravens House

The Cravens House

The Cravens House

The Cravens House

 

Classification2: A

Casualties3:

  • Union: 5,815

  • Confederate: 6,670

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Website:

Resources:


1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/12/2013