Cross Keys, VA

Date: June 8, 1862


Cross Keys, Rockingham, Virginia, United States

Campaign: Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign [March-June 1862]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Major General John C. Frémont

  • Confederate: Major General Richard S. Ewell

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 11,500

  • Confederate: 5,800


  • Moving up the Shenandoah Valley in pursuit of Jackson's army, Major General John C. Frémont's army encountered Major General Richard S. Ewell's division at Cross Keys on June 8th. 

  • Brigadier General Julius Stahel's brigade, attacking on the Union left, was stunned by a surprise volley from Trimble's command and driven back in confusion.

  • After feeling out other parts of the Confederate line, Frémont withdrew to the Keezletown Road under protection of his batteries.

  • The next day, Trimble's and Patton's brigades held Frémont at bay, while the rest of Ewell's force crossed the river to assist in the defeat of Brigadier General E. Tyler's command at Port Republic.

Photo Gallery2

Cross Keys Battlefield

Battle of Cross Keys - June 8, 1862

Battle of Cross Keys Map

Cross Keys Battlefield - Goods Mill Interpretative Center

Cross Keys Battlefield - Immigrant Soldiers

Cross Keys Battlefield Wayside

Battle of Cross Keys - Trimble's Ravine


Slide Presentation: None

Classification3: B


  • Union: 664

  • Confederate: 287

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of"

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013