Deep Bottom, VA II

Date(s): August 13-20, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Deep Bottom, Henrico, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Richmond-Petersburg Campaign [June 1864-March 1865]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant wanted to cut the supply route through the rail head in Petersburg, Virginia, 27 miles south of the capital city, Richmond.

  • In an attempt to draw General Robert E. Lee's troops from Petersburg, Grant staged a feint at Richmond—the second Battle of Deep Bottom—using the X Corps, II Corps, and Brig. Gen. David McM. Gregg's cavalry

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee and Maj. Gen. Charles Field

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 15,000

  • Confederate: 8,000

Description:

  • During the night of August 13-14th, units under command of  Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock crossed James River at Deep Bottom to threaten Richmond in conjunction with a movement against the Weldon Railroad at Petersburg.

  • On August 14th, the X Corps closed on New Market Heights while the II Corps extended the Federal line to the right along Bailey’s Creek.

  • During the night, the X Corps was moved to the far right flank of the Union line near Fussell’s Mill.

  • Union assaults near Fussell’s Mill on August 16th were initially successful, but Confederate counterattacks drove the Federals out of a line of captured works.

  • Heavy fighting continued throughout the remainder of the day. 

  • Skirmishing continued until August 20th when the Federals returned to the south side of the James but maintained their bridgehead at Deep Bottom.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 2,900

  • Confederate: 1,300

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013