Fisher's Hill, VA

Date(s): September 21-22, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fishers Hill, Shenandoah, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign [August-December 1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early 

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 29,444

  • Confederate: 9,500

Description:

  • Early’s army, bloodied by its defeat at Opequon (Third Winchester) on September 19th, took up a strong defensive position at Fisher’s Hill, south of Strasburg.

  • On September 21st, the Union army advanced, driving back the skirmishers and capturing important high ground.

  • On the 22nd, Crook’s Corps moved along North Mountain to outflank Early and attacked about 4 pm.

  • The Confederate cavalry offered little resistance, and the startled infantry were unable to face the attacking force.

  • The Confederate defense collapsed from west to east as Sheridan’s other corps join in the assault.

  • Early retreated to Rockfish Gap near Waynesboro, opening the Valley to a Union “scorched earth” invasion.

  • Mills and barns from Staunton to Strasburg were burned in what became known as the “Burning” or “Red October.”

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 528

  • Confederate: 1,235

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Slide Presentations Click on link to view as web-based slide show.

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013