Fort Davidson, MO

Date(s): September 27, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fort Davidson State Historic Site, Pilot Knob, Missouri, United States

Campaign(s): Price’s Missouri Expedition [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. Thomas Ewing, Jr.

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Sterling Price

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Garrison

  • Confederate: Army of Missouri

Description:

  • In September 1864, a Confederate army under Maj. Gen. Sterling Price crossed into Missouri with the goal of capturing St. Louis.

  • Union Brig. Gen. Thomas Ewing moved with reinforcements down the railroad to Ironton to retard Price’s advance.

  • On the morning of September 27, the Confederates attacked, driving the Federals back into their defenses anchored by Fort Davidson.

  • In the late afternoon, Price unsuccessfully assaulted the fort repeatedly, suffering heavy casualties.

  • Price, considering the possible time involved, had dismissed the possibility of mounting guns on the high ground to compel the fort to surrender or to shell the garrison into submission.

  • During the night, the Federals evacuated the fort.

  • Price had paid a high price in lives and gave Union forces the necessary time to concentrate and oppose his raid.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 184

  • Confederate: 1,500

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Missouri Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013