Fredericksburg VA I

[Battle of Fredericksburg by Kurz & Allison - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): December 11-15, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center (visitor center), Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Fredericksburg Campaign [November-December 1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 100,007

  • Confederate: 72,497

Map: Fredericksburg Animated Map - CWPT

Description:

  • On November 14, Burnside, now in command of the Army of the Potomac, sent a corps to occupy the vicinity of Falmouth near Fredericksburg. The rest of the army soon followed.

  • Lee reacted by entrenching his army on the heights behind the town.

  • On December 11th, Union engineers laid five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock under fire.

  • On the 12th, the Federal army crossed over, and on December 13, Burnside mounted a series of futile frontal assaults on Prospect Hill and Marye’s Heights that resulted in staggering casualties.

  • Meade’s division, on the Union left flank, briefly penetrated Jackson’s line but was driven back by a counterattack.

  • On December 15, Burnside called off the offensive and re-crossed the river, ending the campaign. 

  • Burnside initiated a new offensive in January 1863, which quickly bogged down in the winter mud.

  • The abortive “Mud March” and other failures led to Burnside’s replacement by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker in January 1863.

Photo Gallery: Marye's Heights1

The Union Attack Begins

Thomas R. R. Cobb

Stephens Family Cemetery

Innis House

Innis House

Innis House

The Killing Field

Angel of Marye's Heights

Angel of Marye's Heights

Sunken Road and Stone Wall

 

Photo Gallery: Lee Drive1

Fredericksburg Campaign

Lee Drive: The Confederate Line

Lee's Headquarters

Lee's Hill: Confederate Command Post

Battle of Fredericksburg from Lee's Hill

Lee's Command Post

Near Disaster

Artillery on Lee's Hill

The Big Parrotts

The Pioneers

Lee's Hill: The Commanders Outlook

Lee's Hill Marker

Big Gun at Howison Hill

Confederate Artillery Defense

Rifling

Rifling

Rifling

Bernard's Cabin Trail

Riverside Plantation: Mannsfield

Jackson's Line

Jackson's Line

Jackson's Line

Union Breakthrough

Death of Maxcy Gregg

The Meade Pyramid

The Meade Pyramid

The Meade Pyramid

Jackson on the Field

Jackson Holds Prospect Hill

Dead Horse Hill

Hamilton's Crossing

 

Photo Gallery: The Slaughter Pen Farm1

Slaughter Pen Farm

Battle of Fredericksburg

Battle of Fredericksburg

Slaughter Pen Farm - Walking Trail

Slaughter Pen Farm - Into the Field

Slaughter Pen Farm -Meade's Attack

Slaughter Pen Farm -Killing Range

Slaughter Pen Farm -Gibbon's Advance

Slaughter Pen Farm -Second Assault

Slaughter Pen Farm - Hand to Hand Combat at the Railroad

Slaughter Pen Farm -Retreat and Counterattack

Details of Attack and Counterattack

 

Classification2: A

Casualties3:

  • Union: 13,353  

  • Confederate: 4,576

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/29/2013