Hartsville, TN

Date(s): December 7, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Hartsville, Trousdale, Tennessee, United States

Campaign(s): Stones River Campaign [December 1862-January 1863]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Col. Absalom B. Moore

  • Confederate: Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 39th Brigade, XIV Army Corps (Army of the Cumberland)

  • Confederate: Expeditionary force (two brigades)

Description:

  • The 39th Brigade, XIV Army Corps, was guarding the Cumberland River crossing at Hartsville to prevent Confederate cavalry from raiding.

  • Under the cover of darkness, Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan crossed the river in the early morning of December 7, 1862.

  • Col. Absalom B. Moore, commander of the 39th Brigade, stated in his after action report, that Morgan’s advance had worn Union blue uniforms which got them through the videttes.

  • Morgan approached the Union camp, the pickets sounded the alarm, and held the Confederates until the brigade was in battle line.

  • The fighting commenced at 6:45 am and continued until about 8:30 am.

  • One of units ran, which caused confusion and helped to force the Federals to fall back.

  • By 8:30 am, the Confederates had surrounded the Federals, convincing them to surrender.

  • This action at Hartsville, located north of Murfreesboro, was a preliminary to the Confederate cavalry raids by Forrest into West Tennessee in December 1862–January 1863, and Morgan into Kentucky in December 1862–January 1863.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification1: C

Casualties2:

  • Union: 1,855

  • Confederate: 149

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Tennessee Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

2 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013