November 4-5, 1864
October 26-29, 1864 C1
Johnsonville, TN -
November 4-5, 1864 B
November 24 [24-29], 1864 C1
Col. C.R. Thompson and Lt. Cdr. Edward M. King
Maj. Gen. Nathan
Supply depot garrison (approx.
In an effort to check the Union armyís advance
through Georgia, Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest
led a 23-day raid culminating in an attack on the Union supply base at
Swinging north from Corinth, Mississippi, toward
the Kentucky border and temporarily blockading the Tennessee River at Fort
Herman, Forrest then moved southward
along the Tennessee Riverís west bank, capturing several U.S. steamers and a
gunboat which he later had to abandon.
On November 4, Forrest
began positioning his artillery across the river from the Federal supply base
and landing at Johnsonville.
The Union discovered the Confederates finishing
their entrenchments and battery emplacements in the afternoon of the 4th.
The Union gunboats and land batteries, across the
river, engaged the Confederates in an artillery duel.
The Confederate guns, however, were so
well-positioned, the Federals were unable to hinder them.
In fact, Confederate artillery fire disabled the
Fearing that the Confederate might cross the river
and capture the transports, the Federals set fire to them.
The wind then extended the fire to the piles of
stores on the levee and to a warehouse loaded with supplies.
Seeing the fire, the Confederates began firing on
the steamboats, barges, and warehouses to prevent the Federals from putting out
An inferno illuminated
Forrestís night withdrawal, and he escaped
Union clutches without serious loss. Damages totaled $2.2 million.
The next morning, on the 5th, some Confederate
artillery bombarded the depot in the morning but then left.
Although this brilliant victory further
strengthened Forrestís reputation and
destroyed a great amount of Union material, it failed to stem the tide of Union
success in Georgia.
By this time, Forrest
often harassed the Union Army, but, as this engagement demonstrated, he could
not stop their operations.
[Battlefield Lost Integrity]
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.