Kernstown, VA I

Date(s): March 23, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Kernstown, Winchester, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign [1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Col. Nathan Kimball

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 8,500

  • Confederate: 3,800

Description:

  • Relying on faulty intelligence that reported the Union garrison at Winchester numbered only about 3,000, “Stonewall”  Jackson marched aggressively north with his 3,400-man division. 

  • The 8,500 Federals, commanded by Col. Nathan Kimball, stopped Jackson at Kernstown and then counterattacked turning Jackson’s left flank and forcing him to retreat.

  • Despite this Union victory, President Lincoln was disturbed by Jackson’s threat to Washington and redirected substantial reinforcements to the Valley, depriving McClellan’s army of these troops.

  • McClellan claimed that the additional troops would have enabled him to take Richmond during his Peninsula campaign.

Photo Gallery:2

Description of the Battle of First Kernstown

Map of Shenandoah Valley with terrain features

Wall mural of Battle of

Burton's enhanced Mine` ball

Battle map of First Kenstown

Phase 1 - The Battle of First Kernstown

Phase 2 - The Battle of First Kernstown

Blue and Gray Uniforms

View of the Pritchard Farm from Union position

View of the Pritchard Farm from Union artillery position

Description of Union commander Col. Nathan Kimball's victory over "Stonewall" Jackson

Kimball's Assault

The Pritchard House

The Pritchard House

The Pritchard House

Outbuildings on Pritchard Farm

Outbuildings on Pritchard Farm

Hog House at Pritchard Farm

Outbuildings at Pritchard Farm

Fulkerson's Virginians Attack

Confederate positions

Confederates sought protection behind these rock mounds

Confederates sought protection behind these rock mounds

Rose Hill

Description of action at Rose Hill

Rose Hill

Rose Hill

 

Classification3: B

Casualties4:

  • Union: 590

  • Confederate: 718

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013