Kernstown, VA II

Date(s): July 24, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Petersburg National Battlefield, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Early’s Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad [June-August 1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. George Crook  

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. Jubal Early

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 10,000

  • Confederate: 13,000

Description:

  • Believing that Early’s army was no longer a threat in the Valley, Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright abandoned his pursuit and ordered the VI and XIX Corps to return to Washington, where they were to be sent to Grant’s “army group” before Petersburg.

  • Wright left Brig. Gen. George Crook with three divisions and some cavalry to hold Winchester.

  • Under orders to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Grant, Early marched north on July 24 against Crook.

  • After an hour of stubborn resistance at Pritchard’s Hill, the Federal line collapsed and Crook’s divisions streamed back in disarray through the streets of Winchester.

  • Crook retreated to the Potomac River and crossed near Williamsport on July 26th.

  • As a result of this defeat and the burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on July 30, Grant returned the VI and XIX Corps and appointed Sheridan as commander of Union forces in the Valley.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 1,200

  • Confederate: 600

Results: Confederate victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013