Munfordville, KY

Battle of Munfordville

[Battle of Munfordville. Kentucky, Sunday, Sept. 14th 1862,
c1863, by Harper's History of the Great Rebellion, Harper's Weekly]

Date(s): September 14-17, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Munfordville, Hart, Kentucky, United States

Campaign(s): Confederate Heartland Offensive [1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Col. Cyrus L. Dunham and Col. John T. Wilder 

  • Confederate: Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers and Gen. Braxton Bragg

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Union garrison

  • Confederate: Army of the Mississippi

Description:

  • In the 1862 Confederate offensive into Kentucky, Gen. Braxton Bragg’s army left Chattanooga, Tennessee, in late August.

  • Followed by Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell’s Union Army, Bragg approached Munfordville, a station on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad and the location of the railroad bridge crossing Green River, in mid-September.

  • Col. John T. Wilder commanded the Union garrison at Munfordville which consisted of three regiments with extensive fortifications.

  • Wilder refused Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers’ demand to surrender on the 14th.

  • Union forces repulsed Chalmers’ attacks on the 14th, forcing the Confederates to conduct siege operations on the 15th and 16th.

  • Late on the 16th, realizing that Buell’s forces were near and not wanting to kill or injure innocent civilians, the Confederates communicated still another demand for surrender.

  • Wilder entered enemy lines under a flag of truce, and Maj. Gen. Simon B. Buckner escorted him to view all the Confederate troops and to convince him of the futility of resisting.

  • Impressed, Wilder surrendered. The formal ceremony occurred the next day on the 17th.

  • With the railroad and the bridge, Munfordville was an important transportation center, and the Confederate control affected the movement of Union supplies and men.

Photo Gallery:2

The Battle of Munfordville

The Battle for the Bridge

Map of the Battlefield Preserve

The Woodson Farm

The Woodson Farm

The Woodson Farm

Anthony Woodson Farm

Kentucky and the Western War

The Raider - John Hunt Morgan

Battle for Munfordville

Battle of Munfordville

The Battle of Munfordville - Day 1

L&N Railroad Bridge

L&N Railroad Bridge

Fort Craig

Remains of Fort Craig earthen works

Remains of Fort Craig earthen works

 

Classification3: B

Casualties4:

  • Union: 4,148

  • Confederate: 714

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Kentucky Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/15/2013