Newtonia, MO I

Date(s): September 30, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Newtonia, Newton, Missouri, United States

Campaign(s): Operations North of Boston Mountains [1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • Following the Battle of Pea Ridge, in March 1862, most Confederate and Union troops left northwestern Arkansas and southwestern Missouri.

  • By late summer, Confederates returned to the area, which caused much apprehension in nearby Federally-occupied Springfield, Missouri, and Fort Scott, Kansas.

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. Friedrich Salomon 

  • Confederate: Col. Douglas H. Cooper

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Two brigades, Army of Kansas (1,500)

  • Confederate: Cooper's Division

Description:

  • Confederate Col. Douglas Cooper reached the area on the 27th and assigned two of his units to Newtonia where there was a mill for making breadstuffs.

  • In mid-September, two brigades of Brig. Gen. James G. Blunt’s Union Army of Kansas left Fort Scott for Southwest Missouri.

  • On the 29th, Union scouts approached Newtonia but were chased away.

  • Other Union troops appeared in nearby Granby where there were lead mines, and Cooper sent some reinforcements there.

  • The next morning, Union troops appeared before Newtonia and fighting ensued by 7:00 am.

  • The Federals began driving the enemy, but Confederate reinforcements arrived, swelling the numbers.

  • The Federals gave way and retreated in haste. As they did so, some of their reinforcements appeared and helped to stem their retreat.

  • The Union forces then renewed the attack, threatening the enemy right flank. But newly arrived Confederates stopped that attack and eventually forced the Federals to retire again.

  • Pursuit of the Federals continued after dark. Union gunners posted artillery in the roadway to halt the pursuit.

  • As Confederate gunners observed the Union artillery fire for location, they fired back, creating panic.

  • The Union retreat turned into a rout as some ran all the way to Sarcoxie, more than ten miles away.

  • Although the Confederates won the battle, they were unable to maintain themselves in the area given the great numbers of Union troops. Most Confederates retreated into northwest Arkansas.

  • The 1862 Confederate victories in southwestern Missouri at Newtonia and Clark’s Mill were the South’s apogee in the area; afterwards, the only Confederates in the area belonged to raiding columns.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: C

Casualties3:

  • Union: 245

  • Confederate: 100

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Missouri Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/08/2013