Newtonia, MO I
September 30, 1862
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Newtonia, Newton, Missouri, United States
Operations North of Boston
Following the Battle of Pea Ridge, in March 1862,
most Confederate and Union troops left northwestern Arkansas and southwestern
By late summer, Confederates returned to the area,
which caused much apprehension in nearby Federally-occupied Springfield,
Missouri, and Fort Scott, Kansas.
Brig. Gen. Friedrich Salomon
Col. Douglas H. Cooper
Two brigades, Army of Kansas
Douglas Cooper reached the area on the 27th and assigned two of
his units to Newtonia where there was a mill for making breadstuffs.
In mid-September, two brigades of
Brig. Gen. James G. Blunt’s Union Army of
Kansas left Fort Scott for Southwest Missouri.
On the 29th, Union scouts approached Newtonia but
were chased away.
Other Union troops appeared in nearby Granby where
there were lead mines, and Cooper
sent some reinforcements there.
The next morning, Union troops appeared before
Newtonia and fighting ensued by 7:00 am.
The Federals began driving the enemy, but
Confederate reinforcements arrived, swelling the numbers.
The Federals gave way and retreated in haste. As
they did so, some of their reinforcements appeared and helped to stem their
The Union forces then renewed the attack,
threatening the enemy right flank. But newly arrived Confederates stopped that
attack and eventually forced the Federals to retire again.
Pursuit of the Federals continued after dark.
Union gunners posted artillery in the roadway to halt the pursuit.
As Confederate gunners observed the Union
artillery fire for location, they fired back, creating panic.
The Union retreat turned into a rout as some ran
all the way to Sarcoxie, more than ten miles away.
Although the Confederates won the battle, they
were unable to maintain themselves in the area given the great numbers of Union
troops. Most Confederates retreated into northwest Arkansas.
The 1862 Confederate victories in southwestern
Missouri at Newtonia and Clark’s Mill were the South’s apogee in the area;
afterwards, the only Confederates in the area belonged to raiding columns.
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.