North Anna, VA

Date(s): May 23-26, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

North Anna, Hanover, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Grant’s Overland Campaign [May-June 1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George G. Meade

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces: Armies

  • Union:

  • Confederate: Army of Northern Virginia

Description:

  • After the fighting at Spotsylvania Court House, Grant continued his Overland Offensive against Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.

  • He was brought up short on the North Anna River by Lee’s widely studied “hog snout line,” which forced Grant to divide his army into three parts in order to attack.

  • On May 23, 1864, one of A.P. Hill’s divisions assaulted the V Corps which had crossed the river at Jericho Mill, resulting in bloody see-saw fighting.

  • On the 24th, Union infantry was repulsed at Ox Ford (the snout) but advanced to near the Doswell House on the Confederate right. 

  • Lee hoped to strike an offensive blow, but he was ill, and the opportunity for defeating an isolated part of the Federal army passed.

  • Once the threat of Lee’s position was revealed, Grant withdrew both wings of the army back across the North Anna River. 

  • Grant outflanked the position by moving downstream and continued his advance on Richmond.

Slide Presentation:

Classification1: B

Casualties2: 4,000

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results: Inconclusive

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

2 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/08/2013