Perryville, KY

[The Battle of Perryville Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): October 8, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Perryville, Hardin, Kentucky, United States

Campaign(s): Confederate Heartland Offensive [1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell

  • Confederate: Gen. Braxton Bragg 

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Army of the Ohio [55,000]

  • Confederate: Army of the Mississippi [30,000]

Description:

  • Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg’s autumn 1862 invasion of Kentucky had reached the outskirts of Louisville and Cincinnati, but he was forced to retreat and regroup.

  • On October 7, the Federal army of Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell converged on the small crossroads town of Perryville, Kentucky.

  • Union forces skirmished with Confederate cavalry on the Springfield Pike and the fighting increased when the Confederate infantry arrived.

  • At dawn the following day, fighting began again around Peters Hill as a Union division advanced up the pike and stopped before the Confederate line.

  • After noon, Confederate forces struck the Union left flank and forced Union forces to fall back.

  • Union troops on the left flank, reinforced by two brigades, stabilized their line, and the Confederate attack stalled.

  • A Confederate brigade assaulted a Union division on the Springfield Pike but was repulsed and fell back into Perryville. The Yankees pursued, and skirmishing occurred in the streets in the early evening.

  • With Union reinforcements threatening the Confederate left flank and the Army of the Mississippi short of men and supplies, Bragg's forces left during the night.

  • Confederate forces withdrew into East Tennessee ending the offensive and giving the Union control of Kentucky.

Photo Gallery:2

Confederate Cemetery

Confederate Memorial

Confederate Memorial

Confederate Memorial

Confederate Memorial

Union Army Units Memorial

Union Army Units Memorial

Union Army Units Memorial

Map of the Battle of Perryville

Confederate States of America flag used at battle

Introduction

Donelson's Attack

Donelson's Brigade

Donelson's Brigade

Stewart's Advance

Maney's Attack

Turner's Battery

Assault on Parson's Ridge

Defense of Parson's Ridge

On this spot Brig. Gen. James S. Jackson Fell

Defense of Parson's Ridge

The Corn Field

Starkweather's Hill

Starkweather's Hill

Act of Mercy

Donelson's Advance

Lumsden's Battery

"For God's Sake, Save That Battery." - The 38th Indiana at Perryville

Defense of Loomis' Heights

Simonson's Battery

Artillery Duel

The 15th Kentucky Infantry

The Assault from the Bottom House

Site of the Botom House

Dixville Crossroads

Illinois Soldiers at Perryville

80th Indiana

 

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union: 4,211

  • Confederate: 3,396

Results: Union Victory [The battle is considered by some to be a Confederate tactical victory.]

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Kentucky Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/08/2013