Port Gibson, MS

Date(s): May 1, 1863

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Port Gibson, Claiborne, Mississippi, United States

Campaign: Grant's Operations against Vicksburg [1863]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant  

  • Confederate: Brig. Gen. John S. Bowen

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Army of the Tennessee (comprising two corps)

  • Confederate: Confederate forces in area (one reinforced division: four brigades)


  • Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant launched his march on Vicksburg in the Spring of 1863, starting his army south, from Milliken's Bend, on the west side of the Mississippi River.

  • Grant planned to cross the river at Grand Gulf, but the Union fleet was unable to silence the Confederate big guns there.

  • Grant then marched farther south and crossed at Bruinsburg on April 30th.

  • Union forces came ashore, secured the landing area and began marching inland by late afternoon.

  • Advancing on the Rodney Road towards Port Gibson, Grant's force ran into Confederate outposts after midnight and skirmished with them for around three hours. The fighting stopped after 3:00 am.

  • Union forces advanced on the Rodney Road and a plantation road at dawn. At 5:30 am, the Confederates engaged the Union advance and the battle ensued.

  • The Federals forced the Confederates to fall back.

  • The Confederates established new defensive positions at different times during the day, but they could not stop the Union onslaught and left the field in the early evening.

  • This defeat demonstrated that the Confederates were unable to defend the Mississippi River line and the Federals had secured their beachhead. The way to Vicksburg was open.

Photo Gallery2

Battle of Port Gibson

Court House

Confederate Monument

Confederate Monument

Confederate Monument

Historic Church


Historic Building


Slide Presentation: None

Classification3: B


  • Union: 861

  • Confederate: 787

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Mississippi Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 10/19/2012