Proctor's Creek, VA

Date(s): May 12-16, 1864

Campaign(s): Bermuda Hundred Campaign [May-June 1864]

Battles in Campaign:

 

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler

  • Confederate: Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard 

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 30,000

  • Confederate: 18,000

Description:

  • After his repulse at Swift Creek and Fort Clifton on May 9, 1864, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler withdrew into his entrenchments at Bermuda Hundred.

  • A Confederate army of 18,000 was patched together under command of Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard to confront Butlerís 30,000.

  • On May 12, Butler moved north against the Confederate line at Drewryís Bluff but again adopted a defensive posture when his attack was not supported by gunboats.

  • On the 13th a Union column struck the right flank of the Confederate line at the Wooldridge House, carrying a line of works.

  • Butler remained cautious, however, giving Beauregard time to concentrate his forces.

  • On May 16 at dawn, Ransomís Confederate division opened an attack on Butlerís right flank, routing many units.

  • Subsequent attacks lost direction in the fog, but the Federals were disorganized and demoralized.

  • After severe fighting, Butler extricated himself from battle, withdrawing again to his Bermuda Hundred Line. This battle stopped Butlerís offensive against Richmond.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification1: B

Casualties2: 6,660 total

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/08/2013