Proctor's Creek, VA
Bermuda Hundred Campaign [May-June 1864]
Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
After his repulse at Swift Creek and Fort Clifton
on May 9, 1864, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler withdrew
into his entrenchments at Bermuda Hundred.
A Confederate army of 18,000 was patched together
under command of Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
to confront Butlerís 30,000.
On May 12, Butler
moved north against the Confederate line at Drewryís Bluff but again adopted a
defensive posture when his attack was not supported by gunboats.
On the 13th a Union column struck the right flank
of the Confederate line at the Wooldridge House, carrying a line of works.
remained cautious, however, giving Beauregard
time to concentrate his forces.
On May 16 at dawn,
Ransomís Confederate division opened an attack on
Butlerís right flank, routing many units.
Subsequent attacks lost direction in the fog, but
the Federals were disorganized and demoralized.
After severe fighting,
Butler extricated himself from battle, withdrawing again to his
Bermuda Hundred Line. This battle stopped Butlerís
offensive against Richmond.
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.