August 29-30, 1862
Maj. Gen. William Nelson
Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith
1st and 2nd Brigades, Army of
Army of Kentucky
In Maj. Gen. Kirby Smithís 1862 Confederate
offensive into Kentucky, Brig. Gen. Patrick R.
Cleburne led the advance with Col. John S. Scottís
cavalry out in front.
The Confederate cavalry, while moving north
from Big Hill on the road to Richmond, Kentucky, on August 29, encountered Union
troopers and began skirmishing.
After noon, Union artillery and infantry joined
the fray, forcing the Confederate cavalry to retreat to Big Hill.
At that time,
Brig. Gen. Mahlon D. Manson, who commanded
Union forces in the area, ordered a brigade to march to Rogersville, toward the
Fighting for the day stopped after pursuing Union
forces briefly skirmished with Cleburneís
men in late afternoon.
That night, Manson
informed his superior, Maj. Gen. William Nelson,
of his situation, and he ordered another brigade to be ready to march in
support, when required.
ordered Cleburne to attack in the morning and promised to hurry reinforcements
started early, marching north, passed through Kinston, dispersed Union
skirmishers, and approached Mansonís battle line near Zion Church.
As the day progressed, additional troops joined
both sides. Following an artillery duel, the battle began, and after a concerted
Rebel attack on the Union right, the Yankees gave way. Retreating into
Rogersville, the Yankees made another futile stand at their old bivouac.
By now, Smith and
Nelson had arrived and taken
command of their respective armies. Nelson rallied some troops in the cemetery
outside Richmond, but they were routed.
Nelson and some men escaped but the Rebels
captured approximately 4,000 Yankees. The way north was open.
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.