South Mountain, MD
Maryland Campaign [September
Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan
Gen. Robert E. Lee
After invading Maryland in September 1862,
Gen. Robert E. Lee divided his army
to march on and invest Harpers Ferry.
The Army of the Potomac under
Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan pursued the
Confederates to Frederick, Maryland, then advanced on South Mountain.
On September 14th, pitched battles were fought for
possession of the South Mountain passes: Crampton’s, Turner’s, and Fox’s Gaps.
By dusk the Confederate defenders were driven
back, suffering severe casualties, and McClellan
was in position to destroy Lee’s army
before it could re-concentrate.
limited activity on September 15th after his victory at South Mountain, however,
condemned the garrison at Harpers Ferry to capture and gave
Lee time to unite his scattered
divisions at Sharpsburg.
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.