Spring Hill, TN

Date(s): November 29, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Spring Hill, Tennessee, United States

Campaign(s): Franklin-Nashville Campaign [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield

  • Confederate: Gen. John Bell Hood

Principal Forces:

  • Union: IV and XXIII Army Corps

  • Confederate: Army of Tennessee

Description:

  • Spring Hill was the prelude to the Battle of Franklin. 

  • On the night of November 28, 1864, Gen. John Bell Hood’s Army of Tennessee marched toward Spring Hill to get astride Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield’s Union army’s life line.

  • Cavalry skirmishing between Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson’s Union cavalry and Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate troopers continued throughout the day as the Confederates advanced.

  • On November 29, Hood’s infantry crossed Duck River and converged on Spring Hill.

  • In the meantime, Maj. Gen. Schofield reinforced the troops holding the crossroads at Spring Hill.

  • In late afternoon, the Federals repulsed a piecemeal Confederate infantry attack.

  • During the night, the rest of Schofield’s command passed from Columbia through Spring Hill to Franklin.

  • This was, perhaps, Hood’s best chance to isolate and defeat the Union army.

  • The engagement has been described as “one of the most controversial non-fighting events of the entire war."

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3: Unknown

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results:   Union Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Tennessee Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/08/2013