Trevilian Station, VA

Date(s): June 11-12, 1864

Location:

Campaign: Grantís Overland Campaign [May-June 1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Divisions

  • Confederate: Divisions

Description:

  • To draw off the Confederate cavalry and open the door for a general movement to the James River, Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan mounted a large-scale cavalry raid into Louisa County, threatening to cut the Virginia Central Railroad.

  • On June 11th, Sheridan with Greggís and Torbertís divisions attacked Hamptonís and Fitzhugh Leeís cavalry divisions at Trevilian Station.

  • Sheridan drove a wedge between the Confederate divisions, throwing them into confusion.

  • On the 12th, fortunes were reversed. Hampton and Lee dismounted their troopers and drew a defensive line across the railroad and the road to Gordonsville.

  • From this advantageous position, they beat back several determined dismounted assaults.

  • Sheridan withdrew after destroying about six miles of the Virginia Central Railroad.

  • Confederate victory at Trevilian prevented Sheridan from reaching Charlottesville and cooperating with Hunterís army in the Valley. This was one of the bloodiest cavalry battles of the war.

Slide Presentation: None

Photo Gallery:1

Sargeant Museum of Louisa County History

The museum serves as the orientation center for the Civil War in Louisa County and the Battle of Trevilian Station Driving Tour

Battle of the Trevilians

Battle of Trevilians

Custer's First Last Stand - A Living Triangle

Custer Rescued - An All-out Assault

Trevilian Station Battle

Louisa Court House - Raiders Intercepted

Louisa Court House

The Battle of Trevilian Station

General Rosser's Charge on General Custer's Division

Day One - Largest All-Cavalry Battle of the Civil War

Day Two - Largest All-Cavalry Battle of the Civil War

Map of the Battle of Trevilian Station

Confederate Officers

Opposing Generals - Hampton and Sheridan

Union Officers

Union Officers

 

Classification2: B

Casualties3: 1,600

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/22/2012