Vicksburg, MS

[Siege of Vicksburg, by Kurz and Allison - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): May 18-July 4, 1863

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, United States

Campaign: Grantís Operations Against Vicksburg (1863)

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Army of the Tennessee

  • Confederate: Army of Vicksburg

Description:

  • In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grantís armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton.

  • On July 4th, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations.

  • This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war.

  • With the loss of Pembertonís army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half.

  • Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.

Photo Gallery:2

Navy Circle

View of bridge over Mississippi from Navy Circle

U.S. Battery Benton

U.S. Battery Benton

View of bridge over Mississippi from Navy Circle

Minnesota State Memorial

Union 6th and 12th Batteries Monument

Michigan State Monument

Monument to Yost's Ohio artillery battery

32nd Ohio Infantry 17th Corps.

Union Battery DeGolyer

It contained the largest concentration of cannon (22) in the union siege lines.

Union Battery DeGolyer

It was named after its commander, Capt. Samuel Degolyer, who was mortally wounded during the siege. Battery Degolyer faces the Great Redoubt, a Confederate fortification constructed to guard the Jackson Road entrance to the city.

Illinois Century Monument

Illinois Century Monument

Inside the Illinois Century Monument

Inside the Illinois Century Monument

Shirley House

Cap. Andrew Hickenlooper - Fifth Ohio Battery

Third Louisiana Redan

The Mine Explosion

Union mine reached 40 feet under the redan.

Wisconsin State Monument

Wisconsin State Monument

Union Soldier - Wisconsin State Memorial

Under Fire - Wisconsin State Memorial

Union trench

Ohio Infantry Monument

African American Monument

African American Monument

African American Monument

Pennsylvania Century Monument

Pennsylvania Century Monument

Rhode Island State Memorial

Grant Headquarters Monument - General U. S. Grant Memorial

Grant Headquarters Monument - General U. S. Grant Memorial

Massachusetts Memorial

Massachusetts Memorial

4th Ohio Artillery Battery 1st Division 15th Corps

Marker describing trench used in Thayer's approach

U. S. Navy Memorial

Admiral David Dixon Porter - U. S. Navy Memorial

Tennessee Heavy Artillery of Johnston's Company of the Army of Vicksburg

14th Mississippi Light Artillery

View of Mississippi River from Confederate artillery battery

Missouri Monument

Missouri Monument

Marker indicating Confederate line manned by troops from Mississippi and Arkansas

Confederate Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman Monument

Louisiana State Memorial

Mississippi Monument

Mississippi Monument

Mississippi Monument

Mississippi Monument

Confederate President Jefferson Davis Monument

Texas Monument

Alabama Monument

Confederate Brig. Gen. Isham Warren Garrott

Union Approach Trenches

Gov. Oliver Perry Morton - Indiana Monument

Iowa Century Monument

Iowa Century Monument

Union Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand Monument

 

Please see the National Park Service State Memorials for a complete list of monuments and pictures.

Please see the National Park Service On-line Tour

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union: 10,142  

  • Confederate: 9,091

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Mississippi Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 07/26/2013