Winchester, VA II

Date(s): June 13-15, 1863

Campaign(s): Gettysburg Campaign [June-August 1863]

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Winchester, Virginia, United States

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 7,000

  • Confederate: 12,500

Description:

  • After the Battle of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863, Lee ordered the II Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, under Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, to clear the lower Shenandoah Valley of Union opposition.

  • Ewell’s columns converged on Winchester’s garrison commanded by Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy.

  • After fighting on the afternoon of June 13 and the capture of West Fort by the Louisiana Brigade on June 14, Milroy abandoned his entrenchments after dark in an attempt to reach Charles Town.

  •  “Allegheny” Johnson’s division conducted a night flanking march and before daylight of the 15th cut off Milroy’s retreat just north of Winchester at Stephenson’s Depot.

  • More than 2,400 Federals surrendered.

  • This Confederate victory cleared the Valley of Union troops and opened the door for Lee’s second invasion of the North.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 4,443

  • Confederate: 266

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/22/2012