Gettysburg, PA

Battle of Gettysburg

[Battle of Gettysburg by Currier and Ives - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): July 1-3, 1863

Campaign(s): Gettysburg Campaign [June-August 1863]

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, United States

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. George G. Meade

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 83,289

  • Confederate: 75,054

Description:

  • Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Maj. Gen. George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg.

  • On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill.

  • During the night, reinforcements arrived for both sides.

  • On July 2, Lee attempted to envelop the Federals, first striking the Union left flank at the Peach Orchard, Wheatfield, Devil’s Den, and the Round Tops with Longstreet’s and Hill’s divisions, and then attacking the Union right at Culp’s and East Cemetery Hills with Ewell’s divisions. By evening, the Federals retained Little Round Top and had repulsed most of Ewell’s men.

  • During the morning of July 3, the Confederate infantry were driven from their last toe-hold on Culp’s Hill.

  • In the afternoon, after a preliminary artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. The Pickett-Pettigrew assault (more popularly, Pickett’s Charge) momentarily pierced the Union line but was driven back with severe casualties.

  • Stuart’s cavalry attempted to gain the Union rear but was repulsed.

  • On July 4th, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River. His train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles.

Photo Gallery:1

Entering Gettysburg

Cannon and Limber

Union Troops

Union Soldier's Tent

Officer's Field Tent

Various Artillery Barrels

Visitor Center Electric Map

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address Monument

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Grave Markers

New York Monument

New York Monument

Maj. Gen John A. Reynolds Monument

Attack on Cemetery Hill - Second Day

Friend to Friend - A Brotherhood Undivided

Friend to Friend - A Brotherhood Undivided

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Battery L - 1st New York Light Artillery - 1st Corps

Reynolds Woods

Sixth New York Cavalry - Ira Harris Guard - 2nd Brigade - 1st Division

Sixth New York Cavalry - Ira Harris Guard - 2nd Brigade - 1st Division

Peace Eternal in a Nation United

General Rodes Attacks

Army of Northern Virginia - Hurt's Battery - Hardaway's Alabama Artillery

Oak Ridge

Barlow Knoll

Culp's Hill - "The Barb of the Hook"

Williams Avenue

John White Geary Monument

Twenty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers - Birney's Zouaves

29th Ohio Infantry - 1st Brigade - 2nd Div - 12th Corps

Defense of Culp's Hill

Maj. Gen. George Sears Greene

Battlefield Landmarks - South and West

Battlefield Landmarks - West and North

Maj. Gen Henry Warner Slocum

Stevens Knoll

East Cemetery Hill

Confederate Line of Battle - Seminary Ridge

11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment

Army of Northern Virginia - Hill's Corps - Pender's Division

Lt. Gen. James Longstreet Monument

Inscription on Lt. Gen. James Longstreet Monument

Farnsworth's Cavalry Charge - Third Day

Gen. Gouverneur Kemble Warren Monument

Gen. Gouverneur Kemble Warren Monument

Defense of Little Round Top

124th New York Infantry

4th New York Ind 'P' Battery - 3rd Corps

Confederate Sharpshooter

Site Where Sharpshooter Picture Was Taken

The Fight for Devil's Den

From Cemetery Ridge

From Cemetery Ridge

Part Two

Reenactment Pictures - July 4-6, 2008

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union: 23,000

  • Confederate: 28,000

Results: Union Victory Miniature Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/29/2013